(84) April 1, 1945. Protestant Easter Service in Appennines, Italy
background are trees and buildings.; Members of the Tenth Mountain Division, 605th Artillery Battalion, attend a Protestant Easter religious service at Rocca Pitigliano, Italy, conducted by Chaplain William H. Bell. In the foreground, four men bow their heads together. Corporal Ralph Squires sits at a portable organ and two soldiers face the Chaplain who stands in front of his jeep draped with a white cloth in use as an altar for a small crucifix. The service was held in an open grassy field; in the
(85) 1945 April 1. Easter, 1945
have budding leaves.; One of many Easter services held on Appenine mountainsides by the Tenth Mountain Division April 1, 1945; conducted by Caplain William H. Bell for the 605th Artillery Battalion at Rocca Pitigliano. A large group of soldiers sit in a grassy open field with heads bowed. Before them stands the chaplain with a box beside him, a jeep marked beneath the windshield with "Chaplain" in between two crosses, and a portable pump organ. A terraced mountain is in the distance; trees
(86) 1945 April 1. Cpl. Squires playing organ Easter, Italy
Tenth Mountain Division Cpl. Ralph Squires plays the organ during the 605th Artillery Battalion Protestant Easter service held April 1, 1945, at Rocca Pitigliana, Italy. Worshipers sit on grass listening.
(87) April 6, 1945. Firing of volleys at memorial service, Castelfiorentino
A guard of honor fires volleys during the memorial service for the dead of the Tenth Mountain Division at the American Military Cemetery in Castelfiorentino (Florence Province), Italy. The assembled company stands at attention.
(88) April 6, 1945. Stage and soldiers at memorial services, Castelfiorentino, Italy
A view of the stage, flag pole, and the Tenth Mountain Division soldiers attending the Division's memorial held April 6, 1945, at the American Military cemetery in Castelfiorentino (Florence Province), Italy.
(89) April 6, 1945. Taps at memorial service, Castelfiorentino, Italy
A bugler plays taps beside the rows of white crosses that mark the graves of servicemen who died in the Italian campaign during a memorial service held for the men of the Tenth Mountain Division on April 6, 1945, at the American Cemetery in Castelfiorentino (Florence Province), Italy.
(90) April 6, 1945. Wreath at memorial service, Castelfiorentino, Italy
Two soldiers regard the wreath with a banner that reads: In memory of the men of the 10th Mountain Division. In the background are rows of white crosses marking the graves of Tenth Mountain Division soldiers and other servicemen buried in the American military cemetery in Castelfiorentino (Florence Province), Italy.
(91) [April 6, 1945] Decorating graves, Castelfiorentino, Italy
Shows group of Tenth Mountain Division soldiers decorating the graves of their comrads at the American Military cemetery in Castelfiorentino, Italy; probably after the memorial services held April 6, 1945.
(92) April 6, 1945. View of cemetery in Castelfiorentino, Italy
View taken from above of the American Military Cemetery, where many Tenth Mountain Division soldiers are buried, in Castelfiorentino, Italy. Shows rows of white crosses surrounded by trees.
(93) 1945 April 12. Col. Works discussing battle plans at the sand table, Passatore, Italy
Colonel Works, commander of the Tenth Mountain Division, 87th Regiment, Third Battalion, constructed a sand table, or three dimensional model, of the terrain that his men would be attacking during the April drive. According to the photographer the sand table was "made from mud and other common barnyard ingredients." This photograph shows the Colonel explaining the battle plans to a group of battlion officers.
(94) 1945 April 12. Col. Works's sand table, Passatore, Italy
Colonel Works, commander of the Tenth Mountain Division, 87th Regiment, Third Battalion, constructed a sand table, or three dimensional model of the terrain that his men would be attacking during the April drive. According to the photographer the sand table was "made from mud and other common barnyard ingredients." This photograph shows the Colonel explaining the battle plans to a group of battlion officers.
(95) April 13, 1945. Lt. Col. Works briefing unit leaders of the 3rd Battalion on D minus 1 day, Passatore, Italy
Photograph taken at Passatore, Italy, Lt. Col. Works, the commander of the Tenth Mountain Division, 87th Regiment, 3rd Battalion, briefs the unit leaders on the plans of attack using a dirt model of the terrain, on the day before the Spring offensive began. According to the photographer many of these men did not survive to see the plans completed.
(96) 1945 April 13. Apennine Mts., Italy ridge line from (left) Mount della Spe to village of Suzzano, IV Corps
Aerial view of Monte della Spe and the village of Suzzano in the Apennine Range in Bologna Province, Italy. Shows cultivated land, stone farm buildings, and roads on the slope of the mountain.
(97) 1945 April 14. Artillery barrage, Roffeno
Following an aerial bombardment that opened the Tenth Mountain Division's offensive Saturday morning April 14, 1945, hundreds of guns poured high explosives on German-held houses and towns. Shows a concentration of artillery blasting the town of Roffeno Musiolo.
(98) 1945 April  Mount Pigna sector, second day of the April attack
The Tenth Mountain Division, 87th Regiment, 3rd Battalion, faced this terrain in the Mount Pigna sector of the battle-front on the second day of the April attack. Visible is a deep valley, a high ridge and mountains in the distance. Broken trees and strings of wire fill the foreground.
(99) 1945 April 14. Torre Iussi, Italy
A small mound marked by a small wooden cross, possibly a grave, lies in the foreground near a trench. On the left of the image is a group of tall pine trees on the right sone buildings with high stone walls. The Tenth Mountain Division attacked the town April 14, and captured it the next day.
(100) April 15, 1945. Engineers on wine-cart trail, Rocca di Roffeno
Three members of the Tenth Mountain Division, probably from the 126th Engineers, walk away from the camera down a wine-cart trail, probably during the battle for Rocca di Roffeno.
(101) [1945 April 15.] Mount Pigna and the valley below (one of two)
The Tenth Mountain Division attacked German positions in this valley on April 15, 1945. Mount Pigna is on the left.
(102) 1945 April  Mount Pigna and village, Italy
View of Mount Pigna, Italy, showing a village at its base. The Tenth Mountain Division began a drive on April 14. On the 15th, it shelled German positions in this valley to capture the territory.
(103) [1945 April 15.] Mount Pigna and the valley bellow (two of two)
The Tenth Mountain Division attacked German positions in this valley on April 15, 1945. Mount Pigna is on the left.
(104) April 16, 1945. Loading a 37mm pack gun to a pack mule
A soldier from the 1st Battalion, 86th Mountain Infantry Regiment, Tenth Mountain Division ties the ropes fastening a part of 37-mm pack gun onto an American pack mule during the Italian Campaign. According to the caption the piece weighs 22 pounds and two mules were necessary to carry the whole weapon. The image provides a good view of the harness.
(105) 1945 April 16. Pfc. Lawrence Lucas
Private First Class Lawrence Lucas, 604th Field Artillery, 10th Mountain Division, rests close to the front lines during the Italian Campaign in Bologna Province, Italy. He sits and washes his feet in his helmet. Clothing, boots, field rations, helmets, a Browning machine gun and soldiers are nearby.
(106) [1945 April 17] Fifth Army, Cereglio area, Italy
View of the 5th Army in the 10th Mountain Division sector in Cereglio, Italy; shows a man on a motorcycle, jeeps, and trucks with U.S. troops stopped in heavy traffic on a dirt road.
(107) [1945 April 18] Fifth Army, Cereglio area, Italy
General Joseph T. McNarney, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander, Mediterranean Theater, and Lt. General Lucien K. Truscott Jr., C.G. Fifth Army are held up by a traffic jam near Cereglio, Italy on their way to the 10th Mountain Division Command Post.
(108) 1945 April 23. Unloading @ Po River after initial crossing Italy
Members of the 10th Mountain Division stand near supplies unloaded from amphibious vehicles near the Po River in Italy during the Italian campaign in World War II.
(109) [1945 April 23] Po River scene after initial crossing
Members of the 10th Mountain Division stand near amphibious vehicles and unloaded supplies at the edge of the Po River in Italy during the Italian campaign of World War II.
(110) 1945 April 23. Crossing the Po River at San Benedetto Po, Italy
On the morning of April 23, 1945, the Tenth Mountain Division, 87th Regiment, became the first allied unit to cross the Po River from near San Benedetto Po. They faced intense flak barrages and machine guns from German troops.
(111) 1945 April 25. First American ponton bridge across Po River at San Benedetto Po, Italy
Major General Willis D. Crittenberger and other high ranking officers watch the 5th Army, 1554th Engineering Heavy Ponton Battalion complete the first ponton bridge (an M-2 Treadway pontoon bridge) built across the Po River at San Benedetto Po (Mantova Province), Italy. Soldiers sit in a jeep on the bridge, others walk on the bridge and some use ropes to maneuver a rubber ponton into place.
(112) [April 1945] DUKW crossing Lake Garda
Six Tenth Mountain Division soldiers cross Lake Garda [Lago di Garda] on a DUKW [amphibious boat-truck] All are heavily loaded with equipment and wear helments. One is a medic.
(113) April 1945. Medics belay litter for practice
Fifteen Tenth Mountain Division medics watch as Pfc. Earnest Marshal of Company C., lashed to a litter and belayed from above, is lowered joltlessly over steep rock. This rock climbing school was organized during the Italian Campaing under the direction of Captain John Weaver Jr.
(114) April 1945. Medics practice travois evacuation
Pvt. Leon Whritenour (left) and Pfc. Peter Guletto (right) carry Pfc. William C. Woods down a slope by means of a travois, an old Indian carry adapted by the French to mountain operations. Litter is belayed by a man farther up the slope (not shown in picture). This rock climbing school was held in Italy under the direction of Captain John Weaver, Jr.
(115) April 1945. Medics learn mountain evacuation methods
Shows Tenth Mountain Division medics learning mountain evacuation methods during a rock-climbing school held in Italy under the direction of Captain John H. Weaver. Shown in the photograph are Corporal Frank J. Chierello, T/5 Warren B. Sasnett, Pfc. Frank F. Ciceraro, and Pfc. James A. Brown strapping Pfc. Robert Schutte into a litter basket atop a cliff prepatory to lowering him to the ground.
(116) April 1945. Practicing evacuation by litter basket
A soldier is lowered to the ground in a litter basket by two others. A rock climbing school for Tenth Mountain Division medics was held during the Italian Campaign in April 1945. This photograph was probably taken at that time.
(117) April 1945. Evacuation by litter basket
Pfc. Robert Schutte is lowered to the ground over leafless trees in a litter basket during a rock climbing school for Tenth Mountain Division medics held during the Italian Campaign under the direction of Captain John Weaver, Jr. Three soldiers watch from below near a jeep named Marge.
(118) [April 1945] Building bypass road in mined farm field, near Rocca di Roffeno
Approximately thirty men at work examining the ground for mines, or taping out a new road; bulldozer is in background; possibly the Tenth Mountain Division's 126th Engineers building a bypass road in an area believed to be heavily mined. According to the Blizzard, Corporal Joe Firkins drove across the field in his jeep. Nothing blew up, so the engineers taped the area to construct the bypass of Road Junction 711.
(119) April, 1945. Castel D'Aiano, Italy
A leafless tree frames a view of Castel D'Aiano, Italy, scene of a major Tenth Mountain Division battle. The village lies in hilly country with larger mountains in the distance.
(120) April 1945. Gen. Hays in DUKW on Lake Garda
General George P. Hays, commander of the Tenth Mountain Division, stands with arms crossed as he crosses Lake Garda in an amphibious U.S. Army boat-truck called a DUKW [like duck] A solder stands towards the front of the DUKW with his back to the camera and the pilot is visible behind the general.
(121) April 1945. Gen. Mark Clark with Gen. Hays
General Mark W. Clark, Commander of the 5th Army, stands with General George P. Hays, commander of the Tenth Mountain Division; in the distance a sloping mountain-side, Italy.
(122) [April 1945] Man taking cover
High-speed portrait of a Tenth Mountain Division soldier diving for cover as a sniper fired from a second-story window near San Benedetto, Italy.
(123) [April 1945] Arial view of Rocca di Roffeno
Arial view of Rocca di Roffeno, Italy, and the Apennines behind including Mt. Mantino (far right) and Sette Croci (near right) with the town of Cereglio in the distance (right). Flowering trees in foreground. This area was the scene of a drive on April 14-16 spearheaded by the Tenth Mountain Division.
(124) [April 1945] Explosive hits Germans near Monte della Spe
High explosives hit German-held positions in the shadow of Monte della Spe, Italy, which is hidden by smoke. Taken during the Tenth Mountain Division's third major battle on either April 14th or 15th, 1945.
(125) [April 1945] Sgt. Kennedy's mortar sight
Mortar sight, the invention of Tenth Mountain Division artillery Sergeant William "Bill" Kennedy as an improvement over those issued by the Army. It was used independently during the Italian Campaign by a few units in the Division. But Kennedy was killed by a shell during the assault on Mt. Della Torraccia before a small shipment of the independently- manufactured sights reached Italy.
(126) [April 1945] Shells hit Rocca di Roffeno
Shells hit Rocca di Roffeno in this view taken from a road in the valley. This area was the scene of a drive on April 14-16 spearheaded by the Tenth Mountain Division.
(127) April 1945. Engineers clearing wine-cart trail, Rocca di Roffeno
Platoon of the Tenth Mountain Division 126th Engineers, unwittingly in front of the infantry, clears a wine-cart trail of mines as artillery blasts the slopes of Rocca di Roffeno, Italy. Shows soldiers walking away from camera toward farm at the base of the mountain and leaves on trees.
(128) April 1945. Gen. Clark and Gen. Hays planning offensive
General Hays, commander of the Tenth Mountain Division, looks at a map and General Mark Clark, commander of the 5th Army, points to something in the distance as they confer before the start of a big offensive during the Italian campaign. They stand in an observation point complete with periscope, surrounded by trees with budding leaves.
(129) April 1945. Rooftops of Lizzano, Italy
View over the rooftops of the town of Lizzano-in-Belvedere toward Monte Tresca. This photograph was one of the pin-up mountains, which ran in the Tenth Mountain Division's newspaper each week.
(130) April 1945. 75mm. pack howitzers in action along Lake Garda, Italy
The Tenth Mountain Division drove German troops ahead of them along the east shore road of Lake Garda and harrassed German truck convoys that were moving north along the west shore road by firing at them with either tanks or 75 mm. pack howitzers.
(131) April 1945. The 87th's sector: start of the spring offensive
Photograph of the sector facing the Tenth Mountain Division, 87th Regiment at the start of the spring offensive. It included Hill 860 above the town of Torre Iussi on the left, the notch of Bocca Di Ravari, and the large mass of Hill 903 in the right center. Monte Pigna and Sette Croci were beyond and to the right. Probably taken from Monte Sinistro.
(132) April 1945. Houses at Bocca Di Ravari, Italy
Houses at Bocca Di Ravari, just beyond Torre Iussi at the base of Hill 903. German troops held the houses and maintained a sweeping line of fire from there. The field to the right of the image was filled with mines. It was extremely difficult for troops of the Tenth Mountain Division, 87th Regiment, 1st Battalion, to overcome the resistance and secure the objective: Hill 903.
(133) April 1945. Long march through the Po Valley
Tenth Mountain Division troops begin a long march through the Po Valley. Nearing the town of Manzolino, word is being passed calling for the bazooka teams to attack German tanks in the town. Resistance along the way was usually met by one company while the battalion column waited, not knowing what was happening ahead.
(134) April 1945. Scouts along Lake Garda, Italy
Two Tenth Mountain Division scouts along Lake Garda during the Italian Campaign.
(135) April 1945. Staff conference at north end of Lake Garda, Italy
German resistance against the Tenth Mountain Division was strongest at the tunnels and cliffs along the north end of Lake Garda. German troops held out for several days against the 86th Regiment. The staff conference pictured is figuring out a strategy to overcome them.
(136) April 1945. Torre Iussi: "Hell on Earth"
Torre Iussi controlled the approaches to Hill 903 and was strongly defended by German troops. It was a major objective for troops of the Tenth Mountain Division, 87th Regiment, 1st Battalion. The battle for it lasted all day April 14, 1945; on subsequent days a few German troops continued to harrass troops moving past the town to attack another objective, Monte Pigna.
(137) April 1945. Tunnel at Corno di Bo
The tunnel at Corno di Bo was one of seven tunnels at the north end of Lake Garda. They were difficult objectives for the Tenth Mountain Division as German resistance was strong. The tunnels had built-in gun ports like the one visible to the left of the group of trees and this made it possible for a few men to defend a tunnel easily. Additionally, the Germans could fire their 88 mm artillery accurately at the entrances of the tunnels from secure positions in Riva and ; Torbole. Some casualties of this fire are visible in the photograph to the right of the tunnel entrance. According to the photographer minutes earlier an "88" shell had exploded inside the tunnel where these men had been taking shelter.
(138) April 1945. View of Tole and Monte Serra, Italy
Tole, Italy, was captured by the Tenth Mountain Division in April 1945. The town was a German stronghold and is at the edge of the mountains and the boundry of the Po Valley. Monte Serra, the rise of ground in the distance, was a difficult objective for the 87th Regiment, Company F, to secure.
(139) April 1945. Tunnel at north end of Lake Garda, Italy, artillery inside
The seven tunnels at the north end of Lake Garda provided the best protection against the German artillery coming from Riva and Torbole. Here is a Tenth Mountain Division artillery unit inside a tunnel.
(140) April 1945. Destruction at Torre Iussi, Italy
The Tenth Mountain Division attacked Torre Iussi, Italy, on April 14th and 15th and faced strong German resistance. Foreground of photograph is filled with branches and wires; in the background are broken pine-trees and a stone building.
(141) April 1945. Examining the tunnel fortifications along the Lake Garda road
A group of Tenth Mountain Division soldiers examine a tunnel's fortifications along the Lake Garda road.
(142) April 1945. Paisan collecting copper wire near Le Costa Ridge, Italy
In the foreground of the photograph a paisan, a man from one of the local villages, is collecting copper telephone wire that the Tenth Mountain Division and, or the German army had used for field communications. The 10th successfully attacked the Germans here, near Le Costa Ridge, the day before. A cliff-top town and mountains are visible behind the Italian man.
(143) April 1945. Shambles in the small wood at Torre Iussi
View of the broken trees and strings of wire caused during the battle for Torre Iussi, Italy. The Tenth Mountain Division attacked German positions in the town on April 14-15, 1945.
(144) [April] 1945. Tanks and tank destroyers in the Po Valley
View of three tanks from units attached to the Tenth Mountain Division during the Italian Campaign move across the flat Po Valley in a straight line. Two soldiers walk in front of the tank in the foreground.
(145) April, 1945. View of Torre Iussi, Italy
View of a castle on a hill and a building below taken near Torre Iussi, Italy. The town was an objective for the Tenth Mountain Division during April, 1945.
(146) [April] 1945. Villa billet on Lake Garda
View of a villa on the shore of Lake Garda, Italy, where men of the 87th Regiment of the Tenth Mountain Division billeted shortly while in reserve until their orders changed and they continued marching.
(147) April 1945. "Apple blossoms filled the air" -- death waits
Photograph of apple blossoms. Trees were blooming in April as the Tenth Mountain Division prepared for a new offensive against the Germans from the hidden valleys behind Monte Della Spe, and Della Casellana, and near the towns of Tora, Campidello and Passatore. The engineers had completed Desmond Road to move supplies through the mountains and the division was amassing men and material in mid-April, 1945.
(148) [April] 1945. Letter from home
Casmer Omilian of the Tenth Mountain Division, 87th Regiment, Company I, reads a letter from home in the window of a rubble-strewn and artillery-shattered stone building.
(149) April 1945. Marching column in the Po Valley
The Tenth Mountain Division troops march through the Po Valley in a narrow column that avoided larger cities as they head toward the Po River, near Baggazano, Italy, with large numbers of German troops on either side.
(150) April 1945. Near Ruffeno Musiolo, Italy
Signs warning of mines and booby traps are posted on a tree beside a road with severly damaged stone buildings in the background. According to the photographer this was taken near the town of Ruffeno Musiolo, which was overrun by the Tenth Mountain Division in the April 14, 1945 attack.
(151) April 1945. Walter Prager writing a letter home from Passatore, Italy
Walter Prager, of the Tenth Mountain Division, 87th Regiment, Headquarters Company, 3rd Battalion, sits in a chair under a tree in bloom, writing a letter home from Passatore, Italy.
(152) April, 1945. Le Costa Ridge, Italy
View of a stone building and apple trees in blossom on Le Costa Ridge. This was one of the battle fields of the Tenth Mountain Division during the Italian Campaign.
(153) 1945 April. Signal Corps photo from "Yank"
Soldiers, members of Company C, 87th Mountain Regiment, walk in file through fields in Bologna Province, Italy. The men carry rifles, ammunition, packs and canteens. Shows blooming fruit trees and a farm house in the distance.
(154) May 2, 1945. Gen. Hays VI day, Lake Garda
General George P. Hays, commander of the Tenth Mountain Division in Italy speaks into a microphone at the shores of Lake Garda to annonouce the Victory in Italy over the German Army. Eight other staff members stand near. In background the mountains at the edge of the lake.
(155) 1945 May 3. General Hays speaking to troops, Torbole, Italy
Using a DUWK (an amphibious army boat-truck) as a stage in the city of Torbole, Italy, General George P. Hays informs a large group of Tenth Mountain Division soldiers of the final victory over all German armies in Italy and southern Austria on May 3, 1945.
(156) May 3, 1945. Troops learn of Final Victory, Torbole, Italy
Standing in a plaza in Torbole, Italy, Tenth Mountain Division troops learn of the final victory from General George P. Hays. The top officers use a DUWK (an amphibious army boat-truck) as a stage. Crossing behind them is an Italian man with a wheel barrow and a goat.
(157) 1945 May 3. Lt. General von Senger (left foreground) discussing surrender terms with Maj. Gen. Hays and B.G. Don Carlton [sic], 5th Army, Verona, Italy.
German Lt. General Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin, commander of the German 14th Panzer Corps; 10th Mountain Division commander, Major General George P. Hays; and Brigadier-General Don Emerson Carleton, Chief of Staff 5th Army, Italy, discuss the terms of the German surrender in Verona, Italy. Lt. General Senger wears a wool great coat and a soft peaked cap. Major General Hays wears a trench coat and a peaked cap, and Brigadier-General Carlton wears a uniform with a shoulder patch with a logo that reads: "A5" and a crush cap.
(158) 1945 May 25. Cave del Predil, Italy Headquarters 86th Inf. 10th Mt. Div.
View of Cave del Predil in Udine Province, Italy. Shows plastered buildings with tile roofs. An arrow in the painting points to a three story building and identifies it as the Headquarters of the 86th Mountain Infantry Regiment of the 10th Mountain Division. The Julian Alps are in the distance.
(159) May 1945. Gen. Hays questions captured German general
General George P. Hays (left) questions Lt. General Hildebrandt of the Marco Polo Division of the German Army at Tenth Mountain Division headquarters on Lake Garda, Italy, May 1945. They sit in Gen. Hays' office; four soldiers look on, including his son, George J. Hays directly behind the general, and General David L. Ruffner, Division Artillery Commander, seated to the left of Hays.
(160) May 1945. Gen. Hays questions German Lt. Gen. Hildebrandt
General George P. Hays (left) questions Lt. General Hildebrandt of the Marco Polo Division of the German Army (with glasses) at Tenth Mountain Division headquarters on Lake Garda, Italy, May 1945. The generals sit in Gen. Hays' office, seven soldiers look on, including his son, George J. Hays, directly behind his father, and General David L. Ruffner, Division Artillery Commander, seated to the left of Hays.
(161) May 1945. GI in hospital bed, Italy
Tenth Mountain Division Pfc. John T. Dann smiles from his hospital bed by a window, Italy. He holds a magazine, beside the bed is an opened tin can and a pack of cigarettes; medical equipment is behind him.
(162) May 1945. GI in hospital bed, Italy
Tenth Mountain Division Pfc. Sherman Jensen smiles lying down in hospital bed, Italy. On bedside table are a package [?], a writing desk [?], glasses case [?], box of chocolates, and deck of playing cards; behind him are a piece of medical equipment and far behind, two other patients.
(163) May 1945. Sergeant in hospital bed, Italy
Tenth Mountain Division Sergeant Cecil T. Wiley, smiles from his hospital bed, Italy, reading the "Final Victory" issue of Blizzzard; pin- up photograph is on wall behind him.
(164) May 1945. Two GIs in hospital beds, Italy
Two soldiers look towards the camera from hospital beds; closest to camera is Tenth Mountain Division Private James T. Millo, holding a newspaper; behind the beds are boxes and bottles; in far background, partial view of another patient.